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Jesus, judge


Jesus told his disciples, “The Father judges no one, but he has entrusted all judgement to the Son” (Jn 5:22). The Father does not judge anyone directly but through his Son, whom he sent to redeem the world. Thus, Jesus received from his Father the authority to judge humanity.

Peter said of Jesus, “He commissioned us to preach to the people and testify that he is the one appointed by God as judge of the living and the dead” (Acts 10:42). He deserves it because he is the Son of Man (Jn 5:27). It is the Father who judges through his son.

Paul spoke to the Athenians at the Areopagus, “God has overlooked the times of ignorance, but now he demands that all people everywhere repent because he has established a day on which he will ‘judge the world with justice’ through a man he has appointed, and he has provided confirmation for all by raising him from the dead” (Acts 17:30-31).


Judgement in the Biblical sense is not just rewarding or punishing a person, but administration. “The Hebrew term shofet, which is translated into English as ‘judge,’ is closer in meaning to a ‘ruler,’ a kind of military leader or deliverer from potential or actual defeat” (https://www.britannica.com/topic/biblical- literature/Judges-importance-and-role). Thus, there were several judges in Israel before they had kings. Those judges saved Israel from their enemies and governed the people on behalf of God. The Father
sharing His authority with Jesus to govern humanity is a consideration of His equality with the Son. In that sense, the Son governs humanity at present through his church and later directly after his second coming to “judge” (govern) the world with righteous people who will be separated from the evil ones.

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