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Sea of Galilee


The Sea of Galilee, as it has been traditionally known, is not a sea as such but a lake. It is also known as “The Sea of Kinneret” (Num 34:11, Deut 3:17, Josh 11:2), “The Lake of Gennesaret” (Lk 5:1), and “The Lake of Tiberius” (Jn 6:1). This pear-shaped lake is only 21 km long from north to south and 13 km at the widest part, from east to west. The circumference of the lake is only 53 km, and its maximum depth is 43 metres. It is the lowest freshwater lake on earth and the second lowest lake in the world after the Dead Sea. The primary source of water to the lake is from the Jordan River, supplemented by springs from the streams and wadis of the hills of Galilee. The water level and the size of the lake have, over the centuries, dropped drastically.

Violent storms are a typical feature of the Sea of Galilee because of its low-lying position of seven hundred feet below sea level surrounded by hills. Though the lake is usually calm, sudden and violent storms do develop when the ice-cold wind comes over the snow-covered eastern mountains and drops through a funnel like narrow mountain valleys into the warm air of the sea. The strong wind from the mountains blow down into the sea, causing a whirlwind. Even the experienced fishermen on the boat could not control it.


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