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A trumpet or shofar is a wind instrument, made from the horns of oxen or ram with a hole cut at the small end. There were also trumpets made of brass in the shape of a horn with a large end, like a bell to amplify the sound. The way people signal the shofar would denote the intent of its blast. A soft sound would signal the invitation for assembly during the time of peace (Num 10:1-7; Isa 18:3; 27:13; Ps 98:5-6). A loud sound would warn the people of war (Judg 3:27; Neh 4:14) or a calamity. Israelites used trumpets for feast celebrations (Lev 23:24; 25:9; Ps 81:3-4) and for the anointment of their king (1 Kgs 1:34; 2 Kgs 9:12-13) like the church bells we use in modern times.

During the great theophany at Mount Sinai, there was “a very loud blast of the shofar, so that all the people in the camp trembled” (Ex 19:16). “The blast of the shofar grew louder and louder, while Moses was speaking and God was answering him with thunder” (Ex 19:19). At the return of Christ, the angels will blast the trumpet (Mt 24:31) and the dead will rise with an incorruptible body (1 Cor 15:52; 1 Thess 4:16). “Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Thus we shall always be with the Lord” (1 Thess 4:17).


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